Wednesday, August 28, 2013

Windows XP improve performance

Windows Xp

Remove unused programs

First, remove programs you don't use anymore. Programs take up space on your computer, and some run in the background without your knowledge. Removing programs you don't use can help restore your computer's performance.

Install and run antispyware software

Most programs can be removed using the Add or Remove Programs function accessible from Control Panel, but spyware programs are more stubborn. Windows Defender (a free download from Microsoft) or another antispyware program can detect and remove these programs. You should always have an antispyware program installed, because spyware might install itself on your computer without your knowledge. After you install the antispyware program, run it to detect and remove any unwanted programs

Free up wasted space

Removing unused programs is a great way to free up disk space, which will speed up your computer. Another way to find wasted disk space is to use the Disk Cleanup tool.

1. Click Start, and then click My Computer.
2. Right-click Local Disk, and then click Properties.
3. On the General tab, click the Disk Cleanup button. Disk Cleanup will spend a few minutes examining             your disk.
4. The Disk Cleanup dialog box will appear. Select each of the check boxes in the Files to delete list, and         then click OK.
5. When prompted, click Yes. Disk Cleanup will spend several minutes removing these files, which will             provide you with more space.
If you have more than one hard disk drive, repeat this process for each hard disk drive listed in My Computer.

Defragment your hard disk drive

When a file is fragmented, it takes longer for the computer to read it because it has to skip to different sections of the hard disk drive. Defragmentation improves your computer's performance by reorganizing your files. While fragmentation looks complicated, it's easy to defragment your computer.

1. Click Start, and then click My Computer.
2. Right-click Local Disk, and then click Properties.
3. Click the Tools tab, and then click Defragment Now.
4. The Disk Defragmenter dialog box appears. Click your hard disk drive, and then click Defragment.
5. Disk Defragmenter will work for at least several minutes, although it might take several hours. When             prompted, click Close.
If you have more than one hard disk drive, repeat this process for each hard disk drive listed, starting at step 4.

Disconnect unused network connections

The problem with network drives is that Windows XP will attempt to connect to the network drive when it starts up. If the remote computer does not respond immediately, Windows XP will wait, which will slow down your startup time. Additionally, some programs will attempt to connect to the network drive when you browse for files and folders. To reduce the problem, you can disconnect any unused drives.

1. Click Start, and then click My Computer.
2. On the Tools menu, click Disconnect Network Drive.
3. Select the network drives that you no longer need, and then click OK.


Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Troubleshoot video card problems

Display problems are among the most common difficulties people have when upgrading either Windows or their computers. Here are solutions to some common display problems.

Your computer's display consists of two pieces of hardware: a video card (also known as a graphics card or display adapter), which is installed inside your computer, and the video monitor, where you see all the text and graphics your programs display.Windows uses drivers to work with these hardware devices. The majority of display problems are caused by incorrect, corrupted, or missing video drivers. Hardware failure or incorrect installation make up another set of problems, and external factors can also cause video problems.

If you have just installed Windows, or have changed your video card and are experiencing problems, the most likely cause is a missing or incorrect video driver. Most video cards will come with a disk that contains drivers and other software. Before you install it, check the information that came with the video card to be sure it supports your current version of Windows. If not, go to the manufacturer's website and download the most current driver for your version of Windows. For more information on drivers, 

Download the latest display driver.

 Remove your old driver by going to "Add/Remove Programs" and selecting the driver.

 Install your new driver by following the installation setup provided to you from the download. A new driver should fix any bugs from your previous driver.

Install a fan to blow on your computer.

Reduce overheating the video card by directing a fan at your computer. Play a game with high graphics with the fan keeping the computer case and inner components cool to test your video card for overheating.

Check your power supply.

Purchase a high-quality power supply product. Video cards can be damaged if the power supply allows too few or too many volts to the machine. If the power supply is not the issue, then simply return the product.

Do physical checks

Occasionally  it's just a mechanical problem. Sometimes removing and then re seating the video card in its expansion slot  or disconnecting and reconnecting auxiliary power cables can get it to start working properly. That's especially likely to solve your problem if your computer has just been moved or you just built it and haven't gotten it to work yet.  Once you've got the video card out, take a thorough look at it. If there is a lot of dust in the heat sink then you can poke it out or blow it out with a can of compressed air. Look at the capacitors to see if they're bulging or leaking. Check the heat sinks to make sure they are snug and not wobbling around. Loosely fitting heat sinks are the cause of many overheating problems. If everything appears to be in order, then plug it back into the motherboard and make sure to reconnect any auxiliary power cables. Make sure you push the card fully into the slot.  If your slot has a latch, then make sure that it is fully latched down. That helps make sure that the card is seated properly. You'd be surprised how often a card which appears to be dead is actually just not pushed fully into the slot.

Sunday, August 25, 2013

Build a LAN throuUSB Dongle

Definition: Host is able to connect Internet; Client connects Internet through Bluetooth USB Dongle.
Firstly: Set Server

Establish incoming connection
Open “Control Panel” Enter option of “network connections”“Create a new

After install “New Connection Wizard”, select “Next” 


Select “Set up an advanced connection”, “Next”


Select the connection type as “Accept incoming connections”


Select “Communications cable between two computers”. Herein select
“COM4,COM6”, Click “Next” 

Select “Do not allow virtual private connections”, “Next”


Select and create user permissions, which let Client dial and land through
corresponding user name 


Select “Internet protocol’, and confirm “Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)” to be selected already.  


Then, new connection completes.. 


 “Properties” Click “Incoming Connection” by right key of mouse  select “Always allow directly connected devices such as Palmtop computers to connect without providing password”, which will not need to set user password. 


Secondly : Preparation and connection before connecting

In Host, open agent program. Herein we give “CCPROXY” as example. (You can download probation version from, Open “CCPROXY”, Enter “Settings” 


Check port and address.


Come back to Client, open Internet explorer →“Tools”→“Internet Options”→”Connection”→“Bluetooth LAN
Connection Client”→“Settings” 



Select “Use a proxy server for this connection”, and then continue “advanced” setting. 


Set port and address as above. And confirm


Open “Blue Manager”, make Host connect Internet, and open “Bluetooth LAN Connection Client” of Client. After

connecting, select devices. 




Finally, Client can connect Internet.  

Click Here!

Friday, August 23, 2013

BIOS Beep codes

Computer POST and beep codes

AMI BIOS beep codes

Below are the AMI BIOS Beep codes that can occur. However, because of the wide variety of different computer manufacturers with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

Beep Code             Descriptions

1  short                 DRAM refresh failure
2  short                 Parity circuit failure
3  short                 Base 64K RAM failure
4  short                 System timer failure
5  short                 Process failure
6  short                 Keyboard controller Gate A20 error
7  short                 Virtual mode exception error
8  short                 Display memory Read/Write test failure
9  short                 ROM BIOS checksum failure
10 short                CMOS shutdown Read/Write error
11 short                Cache Memory error
12 long, 3 short    Conventional/Extended memory failure
13 long, 8 short    Display/Retrace test failed

AWARD BIOS beep codes

Below are Award BIOS Beep codes that can occur. However, because of the wide variety of different computer manufacturers with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

Beep Code                           Description

1 long, 2 short                     Indicates a video error has occurred and the BIOS cannot initialize the video
                                           screen to display any additional information

Any other beep(s)               RAM problem.

If any other correctable hardware issues, the BIOS will display a message.

IBM BIOS beep codes

Below are general IBM BIOS Beep codes that can occur. However, because of the wide variety of models shipping with this BIOS, the beep codes may vary.

Beep Code                                                  Description

No Beeps                                               No Power, Loose Card, or Short.
1 Short Beep                                          Normal POST, computer is ok.
2 Short Beep                                          POST error, review screen for error code.
Continuous Beep                                    No Power, Loose Card, or Short.
Repeating Short Beep                             No Power, Loose Card, or Short.
One Long and one Short Beep                Motherboard issue.
One Long and Two Short Beeps             Video (Mono/CGA Display Circuitry) issue.
One Long and Three Short Beeps.          Video (EGA) Display Circuitry.
Three Long Beeps                                  Keyboard or Keyboard card error.
One Beep, Blank or Incorrect Display    Video Display Circuitry.

Macintosh startup tones

Tones                                                        Error

Error Tone. (two sets of different tones)    Problem with logic board or SCSI bus.
Startup tone, drive spins, no video            Problem with video controller.
Powers on, no tone.                                 Logic board problem.
High Tone, four higher tones.                    Problem with SIMM.

Phoenix BIOS beep codes

Below are the beep codes for Phoenix BIOS Q3.07 OR 4.X

Beep Code         Description and what to check

1-1-1-3        Verify Real Mode.
1-1-2-1        Get CPU Type.
1-1-2-3        Initialize system hardware.
1-1-3-1        Initialize chipset registers with initial POST values.
1-1-3-2        Set in POST flag.
1-1-3-3        Initialize CPU registers.
1-1-4-1        Initialize cache to initial POST values.
1-1-4-3        Initialize I/O.
1-2-1-1        Initialize Power Management.
1-2-1-2        Load alternate registers with initial POST values.
1-2-1-3        Jump to UserPatch0.
1-2-2-1        Initialize keyboard controller.
1-2-2-3        BIOS ROM checksum.
1-2-3-1        8254 timer initialization.
1-2-3-3        8237 DMA controller initialization.
1-2-4-1        Reset Programmable Interrupt Controller.
1-3-1-1        Test DRAM refresh.
1-3-1-3        Test 8742 Keyboard Controller.
1-3-2-1         Set ES segment to register to 4 GB.
1-3-3-1        28 Autosize DRAM.
1-3-3-3        Clear 512K base RAM.
1-3-4-1        Test 512 base address lines.
1-3-4-3        Test 512K base memory.
1-4-1-3       Test CPU bus-clock frequency.
1-4-2-4       Reinitialize the chipset.
1-4-3-1       Shadow system BIOS ROM.
1-4-3-2       Reinitialize the cache.
1-4-3-3       Autosize cache.
1-4-4-1       Configure advanced chipset registers.
1-4-4-2      Load alternate registers with CMOS values.
2-1-1-1     Set Initial CPU speed.
2-1-1-3     Initialize interrupt vectors.
2-1-2-1     Initialize BIOS interrupts.
2-1-2-3    Check ROM copyright notice.
2-1-2-4     Initialize manager for PCI Options ROMs.
2-1-3-1     Check video configuration against CMOS.
2-1-3-2     Initialize PCI bus and devices.
2-1-3-3     Initialize all video adapters in system.
2-1-4-1     Shadow video BIOS ROM.
2-1-4-3     Display copyright notice.
2-2-1-1    Display CPU Type and speed.
2-2-1-3    Test keyboard.
2-2-2-1     Set key click if enabled.
2-2-2-3    56 Enable keyboard.
2-2-3-1    Test for unexpected interrupts.
2-2-3-3     Display prompt Press F2 to enter SETUP.
2-2-4-1     Test RAM between 512 and 640k.
2-3-1-1    Test expanded memory.
2-3-1-3    Test extended memory address lines.
2-3-2-1     Jump to UserPatch1.
2-3-2-3    Configure advanced cache registers.
2-3-3-1     Enable external and CPU caches.
2-3-3-3     Display external cache size.
2-3-4-1    Display shadow message.
2-3-4-3     Display non-disposable segments.
2-4-1-1    Display error messages.
2-4-1-3     Check for configuration errors.
2-4-2-1    Test real-time clock.
2-4-2-3     Check for keyboard errors
2-4-4-1     Set up hardware interrupts vectors.
2-4-4-3    Test coprocessor if present.
3-1-1-1    Disable onboard I/O ports.
3-1-1-3     Detect and install external RS232 ports.
3-1-2-1     Detect and install external parallel ports.
3-1-2-3     Re-initialize onboard I/O ports.
3-1-3-1     Initialize BIOS Data Area.
3-1-3-3     Initialize Extended BIOS Data Area.
3-1-4-1     Initialize floppy controller.
3-2-1-1    Initialize hard disk controller.
3-2-1-2    Initialize local bus hard disk controller.
3-2-1-3     Jump to UserPatch2.
3-2-2-1     Disable A20 address line.
3-2-2-3     Clear huge ES segment register.
3-2-3-1     Search for option ROMs.
3-2-3-3     Shadow option ROMs.
3-2-4-1     Set up Power Management.
3-2-4-3     Enable hardware interrupts.
3-3-1-1    Set time of day.
3-3-1-3     Check key lock.
3-3-3-1     Erase F2 prompt.
3-3-3-3     Scan for F2 key stroke.
3-3-4-1     Enter SETUP.
3-3-4-3     Clear in POST flag.
3-4-1-1    Check for errors
3-4-1-3    POST done - prepare to boot operating system.
3-4-2-1     One beep.
3-4-2-3     Check password (optional).
3-4-3-1     Clear global descriptor table.
3-4-4-1     Clear parity checkers.
3-4-4-3     Clear screen (optional).
3-4-4-4     Check virus and backup reminders.
4-1-1-1     Try to boot with INT 19.
4-2-1-1     Interrupt handler error.
4-2-1-3     Unknown interrupt error.
4-2-2-1     Pending interrupt error.
4-2-2-3     Initialize option ROM error.
4-2-3-1     Shutdown error.
4-2-3-3     Extended Block Move.
4-2-4-1     Shutdown 10 error.
4-3-1-3     Initialize the chipset.
4-3-1-4     Initialize refresh counter.
4-3-2-1     Check for Forced Flash.
4-3-2-2     Check HW status of ROM.
4-3-2-3     BIOS ROM is OK.
4-3-2-4     Do a complete RAM test.
4-3-3-1     Do OEM initialization.
4-3-3-2     Initialize interrupt controller.
4-3-3-3     Read in bootstrap code.
4-3-3-4     Initialize all vectors.
4-3-4-1     Boot the Flash program.
4-3-4-2     Initialize the boot device.
4-3-4-3     Boot code was read OK.

Thursday, August 22, 2013

Sharing files and printers

Sharing files and printers
Prepare your PCs that are running Windows XP
Follow these steps on each of your PCs running Windows XP.
Run the Network Setup Wizard
1. Click Start, click Control Panel, and then click Network and Internet Connections.
2. Click Network Setup Wizard, and then follow the instructions on your screen.
3. On the Name your network page, type the same workgroup name used by your other PCs.
4. On the File and printer sharing page, select Turn on and printer sharing.
If your network includes PCs running Windows XP, it’s important to use the same workgroup name for all of the PCs on your network. This makes it possible for PCs running different Windows operating systems to detect and access each other. Remember that the default workgroup name is not the same in all Windows operating systems.

Specify what you want to share
1. Right-click the folder that you want to share, and then click Sharing and Security.
2. If you are sharing a drive, on the Sharing tab, click If you understand the risk but still want to share the         root of the drive, click here.
3. Select the Share this folder on the network check box.
To share individual files in Windows XP, either put them in a folder and share the folder, or share them using the Public folder.

Share your files and printers
Now that you’ve prepared the PCs on your network, the next step is to indicate which files, folders, and printers you want to share. Go to the PC where you store the items you want to share.
To share a file or folder
To share a file or folder, right-click it, click Sharing and Security, and then select the people or groups you want to share with. You can also assign permissions so that those people can or cannot make changes to the file or folder you shared.
To share a printer
When you first connect a printer to your PC, you have the option of sharing it. But even if you didn't choose to share it originally, you can still do it later. Here's how:
1. Click Start, and then click Printers and Faxes.
2. Right-click the printer you want to share, and then click Sharing.
3. Click Share this printer, and then click OK.

Access the shared files and folders
Now we're ready for the final step—accessing the shared files and folders. Instructions for accessing shared printers are on the following tab.
To access shared files or folders
1. Click Start, and then click My Computer.
2. Under Other places, click My Network Places.
3. Under Network Tasks, click View workgroup computers.
4. Double-click the PC you want to access, and then type your user name and password.
5. Navigate to the folder you want.

Access the shared printers
Here's how to access the printers you've shared. Instructions for accessing shared files and folders are on the previous tab.
To access shared printers
1. Click Start, and then click Printers and Faxes.
2. In the left pane, click Add a printer.
3. In the wizard that appears, click Next, and then select A network printer, or a printer attached to another computer.
4. Select Browse for a printer, and then click Next.
5. Double-click the name of the PC that the printer is attached to, select the printer you want to access, and then click Next.
6. On the dialog box that appears, click Yes, and then complete the rest of the wizard.

Type the name of the printer's network address. This will be the name of the computer and then the name of the printer. For example, if the computer on our network was called "hope" and our printer was called "hp" the network path for our printer would be: "\\hope\hp", if you are adding the printer on a Microsoft Windows XP computer you can click the Browse icon to browse your network and locate the printer. If you're unable to connect to the printer or browse and see the printer make sure you have the network rights and that any installed firewall is temporarily disabled.


Your system is low on virtual memory

 virtual memory

When you start any of programs, you may receive an error message that is similar to the following error message:

Your system is low on virtual memory. To ensure that Windows runs properly, increase the size of your virtual memory .

This behavior may occur if you try to start any of the programs  on a computer where the paging file value setting is too low.

Click Start, right-click My Computer, and then click Properties.

1.  In the System Properties dialog box, click the Advanced tab.
2.  In the Performance pane, click Settings.
3.  In the Performance Options dialog box, click the Advanced tab.
4.  In the Virtual memory pane, click Change.
5.  Change the Initial size value and the Maximum size value to a higher value, click Set, and then     click OK.
6.  Click OK to close the Performance Options dialog box, and then click OK to close the System   Properties dialog box.

Windows Xp black screen after startup logo

Windows Xp
When you start Windows XP or you log on to Windows XP, you may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

When you start Windows XP, the Windows Logo is displayed, and then the screen turns black or blue, or only the wallpaper is displayed.

After you log on to Windows XP, you cannot see the Start button or the taskbar.

After you log on to Windows XP, the screen turns black or blue, or only the wallpaper is displayed, or only the icons are displayed.  

  This behavior may occur for one of the following reasons:
  • The Auto-hide the taskbar option has been selected for the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties.
  • Your user account settings are corrupted.
  • The core files are damaged.
  • The Explorer.exe file does not load during startup.
To resolve this issue, use one of the following methods.

Method 1: Make sure that the auto-hide option is not enabled for Taskbar and Start Menu Properties

To determine whether the auto-hide option is not enabled for Taskbar and Start Menu Properties, follow these steps:
  1. Press CRTL+ESC.
  2. If the Start menu appears, right-click the Start menu, and then click Properties.
  3. Click the Taskbar tab, clear the Auto-hide the taskbar check box, and then click OK.
Method 2: Log on as a different user

Log off as the current user, and try to log on to the computer as a different user. If logging on as different user resolves this problem, create a new user account, and try to copy the settings from the old user account to the newly created user account. To do this, follow these steps:
  1. Restart the computer. When the Power On Self Test (POST) is complete, press F8.
  2. On the Windows Advanced Options Menu, use the ARROW keys to select Safe Mode, and then press ENTER.
  3. When you are prompted to select which operating system to start, select Microsoft Windows XP edition where edition is the edition of Windows XP that is installed, and then press ENTER.
  4. On the To  begin, click your user name screen, click Administrator.
  5. Type the administrator password, and then click the arrow button.

    Note In some cases, the Administrator password may be set to a blank password. In this case, do not enter a password before you click the arrow button.
  6. Click Yes to close the message that states that Windows is running in safe mode.
  7. Click Start, right-click My Computer, and then click Manage.
  8. In the Computer Management (Local) list, expand Local Users and Groups.
  9. Right-click the Users folder, and then click New User.
  10. Type the user name and password in the appropriate boxes, and then retype the password in the Confirm password box.
  11.  Note If you do not want to assign a password to the user account, do not type a password in the Password or confirm password boxes.
  12. Click to clear the User must change password at next logon check box.
  13. Click to select the Password never  expires check box if you do not want the password to expire.
  14. Click Create, click Close, and then exit the Computer Management snap-in.
  15. Restart Windows as usual, and then log on as the new user that you created.
If the issue is resolved, reinstall the programs that you want, and then copy the documents that you want from the My Documents folder of the old user account. To copy the contents of the My Documents folder of the old user account, follow these steps:
  1. Log off Windows.
  2. Press CTRL+ALT+DELETE two times.
  3.  The Log On to Windows dialog box appears.
  4. In the User name box, type Administrator. In the Password box, type the administrator password, and then click OK.
  5. Right-click  Start, and then click Explore.
  6. In the Folders tree, expand the old user account under Documents and Settings.
  7. Click user name's Documents where user name is the name of the old user account with which you experience this issue.
  8. On the Edit menu, click Select All, and then click Copy on the Edit menu.
  9. Under Documents and Settings, expand the new user account folder.
  10. Click new user's Documents where new user is the name of the new user account that you created.
  11. On the Edit menu, click Paste.
  12. If you are prompted to replace files or folders, click Yes to All to confirm the replacement.
  13. On the File menu, click Close.
  14. Log off Windows.
Method 3: Start your computer in safe mode with networking enabled

Restart your computer, and select the Safe Mode with Networking option. If some application is loading or crashing before Explorer loads, follow these steps:
  1. If you have a virus scan utility on your computer, run a full scan of your computer.
  2. Run Microsoft Update or Windows Update, and apply all the updates.
Restart your computer to see whether the problem goes away


More Option
  • Remove any external device connected to the computer and check if it helps. Also make sure that no disc is present in the CD/DVD Rom drive.